I began this blog when I was doing an MA in early modern history at Birkbeck. The MA is now done, but the blog has remained as an outlet for my interest in the early modern period.

I am currently researching and writing a life of the ironmonger, pamphleteer and preacher Henry Walker. Walker is well-known to anyone who studies the politics of the English Civil Wars; but he is entirely obscure to anyone else, and he remains something of a figure of fun even amongst scholars. Many historians take the criticisms of his opponents at face value, and have tended to dismiss him as a result. I think there is more to him than that, though.

I have blogged about Walker a number of times on this site:

My MA dissertation also looked at his newsbook Severall Proceedings.

There are a number of secondary works that are useful starting points for finding out more about Walker:

Below is a preliminary list of publications that I am either confident or suspect were written or sold by Walker. It departs in places from titles attributed to Walker by J. B. Williams, Wing, and the ESTC.


1640 A gad of steele, wrought and tempered for the heart
1641 Prelacie is miserie, or, The suppressing of prelaticall government
1641 The prelates pride
1641 To the high and honourable court of Parliament, the humble petition of sundry of the nobles, knights, gentry, ministers, freeholders, and divers thousands of the inhabitants of the county palatine of Chester, whose names are subscribed to the several schedules hereunto annexed.
1641 Canterburies dreame
1641 An answer to a foolish pamphlet entituled A swarme of sectaries & schismaticks
1641 Taylors physicke has purged the divel
1641 A remarkable revelation of the wandrings of the Church of England
1641 A true copie of the disputation held betweene Master Walker and a Iesuite
1641 The recantation, and humble submission of two ancient prelates, of the kingdome of Scotland subscribed by their own hands
1641 The Kings Majesties resolution, and the Parliaments determination
1641 A motion humbly presented to the consideration of the honourable, the committee of the high Court of Parliament
1641 A discovery of the notorious proceedings of William Laud
1641 A bull from Rome, consisting of 15. pardons for delinquents in these kingdoms
1641 Canterburie[s] pilgrimage
1641 Nevves from Rome
1641 The apprentices vvarning-piece
1641 The Original of the popish ljturgie
1641 An exact copy of a letter sent to William Laud
1641 A true discovery of a bloody plott
1641 Corda Angliae: or, The generall expressions of the land
1641 A proclamation for the immediate fortifying of the citie of Dublin
1641 A terrible out-cry against the loytering exalted prelates
1641 An act published by the General Assembly of Scotland
1641 The churches purity
1641 The heavenly guide to true peace of conscience
1642 The sermon of Henry Walker, ironmonger: having beene twice apprehended, for writing seditious pamphlets. Being both times rescued out of the hands of the officers. And now preacheth up and downe the City.
1642 Five lookes over the professors of the English Bible
1643 The modest vindication of Henry VValker. In answer to certaine scandalous pamphlets, forged and vented abroad in his name (withou[t]: his privity.) Against which, as also the authours thereof, together with the popular aspersions of many other turbulent spirits, he doth protest; and before almighty God, clear himselfe to all the world.
1643 The remonstrance of the Commons of England, to the House of Commons assembled in Parliament. Preferred to them by the hands of the speaker.
1644 Ecce homo; the little Parliament unbowelled: with, the substance, quality, and disposition of the outward members; and inward faculties, vertues, and properties. The glory of the good ones, and sad condition of rotten back-sliders.
1646 A reply to a letter printed at Newcastle vnder the name of an answer, sent to the ecclesiasticall Assembly at London, about matters concerning the king, and the government of the church. With the copy of the said letter to the Assembly, in the name of John Deodate, D. D. Also, a certificate from one of the scribes of the Assembly at London.
1647 A vvord in the Kings eare. Represented to his majestie to be taken into consideration, with the propositions of both kingdomes for peace. Dread Soveraigne,
1647 Gentlemen, the bills from [hand] Iohn Booker stuck upon posts the last Lords day, are scandalous impudent lyes. …
1648 A motion propounded to the Committee of Parliament, for redresse of the publique grievances of the kingdome. Desired to be taken into consideration, before they present their reports of the House of Commons. For satisfaction of the kingdome, and setling the people in their just rights, by a firme and lasting peace. By Neh: Lavvkerry. Janua. 15. 1647. Imprimatur Gilbert Mabbot.
1648 Severall speeches delivered at a conference concerning the power of Parliament, to proeeed [sic] against their King for misgovernment. In which is stated:
1648 Vindiciae contra Tyrannos
1648 An elogie or eulogie on the obits of the Right Honourable Ferdinando Lord Fairefax: vvho dyed upon Munday, the 13th of March, anno Dom. 1647.
1648 The Protestants grammar, for helpe to beleevers to understand the Scripture. Concerning the name, essence and attributes of God the, union of the Trinity, and the glory of the eternall Majesty. To know what the soule is, whence it comes, when and how it enters into the body. Its originall purity, how defiled, what is its essence, power, sense, vitalls, passions, and faculties: its passage to joy or torment, and its abode after death: and the vertues and faculties of the body and minde, with the relations of the flesh and spirit each to othet [sic]. What the resurrection is. And how to be sensible what heaven and hell, joy and torment are. Written by Henry Walker, S.S. Theol. S.
1648 A declaration, collected out of the journalls of both Houses of Parliament. And some passages, concerning the King, the army, city and kingdome.
1648 Vindiciae contra Tyrannos
1649 A sermon, preached in the Kings Chappell at VVhite-Hall, on Sunday last July 15. 1649. By Henry Walker cleric. author of the Perfect occurrences.
1649 Bereshit, the creation of the vvorld being an exposition on the Hebrew in the first chapter of Genesis. As it was delivered at Sir Balthazar Gerbiers academy in White Fryers. By Henry Walker, minister of Gods Word at Knightsbridge, and formerly student of Queens Colledge i Cambridge. The first oration, concerning the first dayes work. Imprimatur, Hen: Scobell, cleric:parliamenti.
1650 A sermon preached in the chappell at Sommerset-House in the Strand, on Thursday the 27 day of June 1650. It being the day on which the Lord Generall Cromwell entred into his power of being Captain Generall and Commander in Chief of all the forces raised, and to be raised by authority of Parliament, within the Common-wealth of England. Wherein are comfortable doctrines, and very usefull applications for these present times. By Hen: Walker minister of Gods word, at Knightsbridge in Middlesex.
1653 Spirituall experiences, of sundry beleevers. Held forth by them at severall solemne meetings, and conferences to that end. With the recommendation of the sound, spiritual, and savoury worth of them, to the sober and spirituall reader, by Vavasor Powel, minister of the gospel.
1653 A catechisme to be learned for the training up of youth in the Grounds of Christian Religion
1654 Tragemata, sweet-meats. Or, resolves in all cases who are beleevers. In which many divine delicates that have been hid from doubting beleevers are unvailed and spread before them, and their warrants made plaine to have a right to that glory which dazels their eys [sic]. Together with the mysteries of Emmanuel, shewing how God reveals himself in the mysteries of his names to his peculiar ones. With an unfolding of the great mystery of the new covenant, to those who are interessed in it. By H. Walker, pastor of the Church of Christ at Martins Vintry London.
1654 The discipline of gathered churches, with the covenant taken by each member; and a confession of faith professed by the Church of Christ at Martins Vintry: together with spirituall hymnes by way of paraphrase upon the whole book of canticles by them sung at their breakin of bread. And an abreviate of their whole practise.
1659 A collection of several passages concerning his late highnesse Oliver, Cromwell, in the time of his sickness; wherein is related many of his expressions upon his death-bed. Together with his prayer within two or three dayes before his death. Written by one that was then groom of his bed-chamber. Entered according to order.
1659 A collection of several passages concerning his late highnesse Oliver, Cromwell, in the time of his sickness; wherein is related many of his expressions upon his death-bed. Together with his prayer within two or three dayes before his death. Written by one that was then groom of his bed-chamber. Entered according to order.
1659 An account of the last houres of the late renowned Oliver Lord Protector: wherein you have his frame of spirit, expressed in his dying words, upon his death-bed. Together with his last prayer a little before his death. VVho died at Westminster the third of September. 1658. Drawn up and published by one who was an eye and ear-witness of the most part of it.
1660 Serious observations lately made, touching his Majesty Charles the Second, King of England, Scotland,France & Ireland. King Charles Stuart, in Hebrew thus: [Hebrew] translated into English, is thus, the King hath prepared a refreshing, hee hath crushed it out of the rock b degrees. Published to inform the people, per H. Walker. S.S.T.S.


1643 Informator rusticus: or, The countrey intelligencer. Impartially imparting such passages and occurrences as daily happen betweene the Protestant and papisticall armies now on foot in this kingdome.
1644 Occurrences of certain speciall and remarkable passages in Parliament, and the affaires of the kingdome, for fuller satisfaction.
1644 The Perfect occurrences of Parliament, and the proceedings of the armie, collected and published according to order for fuller satisfaction.
1644 Perfect occurrences of some passages in Parliament, and from other parts of this kingdom, from …
1644 Perfect passages of each dayes proceedings in Parliament: from …
1644 Perfect occurrences of Parliament, and chief collections of letters
1646 Perfect occurrences of Parliament.
1646 Perfect occurrences of both Houses of Parliament, and martiall affairs.
1647 A perfect summary of chiefe passages in Parliament. from the army, and other parts of the kingdoms.
1647 Mercurius morbicus. Or nevves from VVestminster, and other parts.
1647 Mercurius medicus: or, A soveraigne salve for these sick times the vizard which deformeth them plucked off; and they rendred no better nor worse then they are: the bug-beares that affright some beaten to nothing, and the angells that allure others proved incompatible with reality.
1647 Perfect occurrences of every dayes iournall in Parliament; and other moderate intelligence: from … Collected by Lu: Harruney, cleric.
1648 A perfect diary of passages of the Kings army; and their severall fights, treaties and actions; with the Parliaments forces under the command of the Lord Fairfax.
1648 Packets of letters from Scotland, Berwick, Newcastle and York, to members of the House of Commons concerning the transactions of the Parliament of Scotland, the Commissioners of the Parliament of England.
1649 A Tuesdaies journall of perfect passages in Parliament. Proceedings of the Councell of State: and other moderate intelligence. From His Excellency the Lord General Fairfaxes army, and other parts. From …
1649 Severall proceedings in Parliament
1650 Mercurius Anglicus, communicating moderate intelligence from several parts of England, Ireland & Scotland. With the best intelligence from the head-quarters, the navies at sea, and choise passages from other parts.
1650 The moderne intelligencer, communicating the chief affairs in England, Ireland & Scotland. With the last intelligence from the head quarters, the navies at sea, and choise passages from other parts.
1650 Perfect passages of every daies intelligence: from the Parliaments army, under the command of his Excellency the Lord General Cromwel. And other remarkable proceedings in England, Scotland, Ireland and other parts, &c.
1651 The modern intelligencer impartially communicating the daily proceedings of the Parliaments army under the command of his excellency the Lord Gen. Cormvvell; as also the further proceedings of the Scottish army under the conduct of Major General Massey, Pointz, Ashurst, with their further proceedings; and other remarkable passages, from Scotland Ireland, and the navies at sea.
1653 Severall proceedings of state affaires in England, Ireland and Scotland. VVith the transactions of the affaires in other nations.
1654 Certain passages of every dayes intelligence from the army, and his highness the Lord Protector, and his Council.
1655 Perfect proceedings of state-affaires. In England, Scotland and Ireland, with the transations of other nations. From …

17 Responses to “About”

  1. I can’t find an email contact on the blog so… I was wondering if you might like to host an early modern Carnivalesque next year? Check out http://www.earlymodernweb.org.uk/carnivalesque and get in touch if you’re interested… Sharon

  2. Nick, Hi.

    Just read your paper on Lord Chandos, John Giffard, and the 1642 Cirencester dustup. Hoping to get in touch with you about John Giffard. I am working on a John Giffard (c. 1625-1692), a litigious and obnoxious man who managed an ironworks on the Saugus river in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. I suspect he is connected (perhaps a son of) to the John Giffard who ran the ironworks in the Forst of Dean for a while and was apparently the 1642 Cirencester informant. How sure are you that this man was the testator at Wiveton, Norfolk? And have you by any chance consulted the IPM for Gloucestershire of a John Giffard from 5 Elizabeth, which I am assuming might be the same man? Cannot find your e-mail address; can you please contact me? Nathaniel Lane Taylor, nltaylor@nltaylor.net. Thanks.

  3. Hi – interesting blog. Have you come across any articles or books on the ‘Curse ye Meroz’ theme, which kept recurring during the English Civil War?

  4. Thanks for the kind words. Stephen Marshall’s 1641 fast sermon on Meroz Cursed was probably one of the most famous sermons of the civil wars. There are various treatments of it in academic texts:


    This has a bit more on the sermon’s life in print after being preached:


  5. Thanks that’s really helpful – I’m writing a paper on this theme!

  6. was looking for an email for you, as your blog is epic! I was introduced to yo by the eagleclawedwolfe and I have to say, I love your blog…ALOT. I’m at http://www.loyaltybindsme.org and write about a lot of C17 stuff, because it is just…ldfjsdjfsdkhdsk ;) I’ve also added you to my links list, hope that is ok!!!

  7. Hi
    I am new to this blogging site. I have a particular interest in Royalist Military Governors during the Civil War period particularly Sir Arthur Aston (1593?-1649). With many other Royalists he left England in a hurry and ended up in Europe from 1645 to 1647 and was recruited by Ormond to fight in Ireland. Anybody out there have any information about how Royalist Officers survived on the Continent and how English Royalist veterans and refugees were recruited into Charles II forces to fight in Ireland against Cromwell? Any source info gratefully received….

  8. Dear Nick,

    I am trying to find out about the “screw guns with twelve bullets & a slug” with which Miles Sindercombe & his chums wanted to assassinate Oliver Cromwell at Shepherd’s Bush. Are these organ guns or a ribauldequin?
    Does this mean they had rifled barrels? Is there any other evidence of their use?

    Also does anyone else think it would be a good idea to have an English Republican Martyrs Day ?

    Mark Francis

  9. hello
    im trying to find any advertising for indentured servants to the west indies namly Jamaica I have been search for a while now any cant seem to fnd anything …any idea please help

  10. Nick,
    That “old children’s song” about the pelican and his beak…what is the title of the song? and is there any source for it that you know of? I can’t find it anywhere else except your blog.


  11. Forgive the intrusion – Screwed guns may refer to rifled barrels – Price Rupert’s weapon with which he hit a Church Steeple Cockerel was referred to as screwed; BUT it may also be a form of breech loader.

    • I think screw guns were basically rifled barrels. Rupert & Charles I both owned a pair of screw-pistols and Titus Oates accuses the “popish plotters” (specifically Pickering) of planning to shoot Charles II with screw-guns. They were not popular though since the low quality powder of the time tended to make the barrels dirty & they were difficult to clean as well as to load.

      - Mark Francis

      On Tue, Aug 13, 2013 at 11:36 PM, Mercurius Politicus wrote:

      > ** > Roger Emmerson commented: “Forgive the intrusion – Screwed guns may > refer to rifled barrels – Price Rupert’s weapon with which he hit a Church > Steeple Cockerel was referred to as screwed; BUT it may also be a form of > breech loader.”

  12. Would like help to trace a published petition wherein the merchants of London regretted the non payment of the bill for the Isle de Rhe Expedition and listed all the items shipped out – pointing out they were unwilling to supply more material for the Bishops Wars – hints and tips appreciated Roger


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